The most distinctive characteristic is that structured techniques help to decompose one's geospatial thinking in a manner that enables it to be reviewed, documented, and critiqued. " Brainstorming is an activity that will help you generate more innovative ideas. 2. This technique encourages an open dialogue that can trigger new ideas about … Aims and structure of TOK; Knowledge questions; BQ alignment with the TOK course; Key TOK thinkers; TOK and university admission; About teaching TOK. I bought the most popular book on the topic, “The Mind of the Strategist” by Kenichi Ohmae, who is ex McKinsey. Lightning Decision Jam. Group work is the best – if not the only – known remedy against cognitive biases. There are two ways to view the nature of these techniques. 0000002253 00000 n FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY ATP 2-33.4 Intelligence Analysis August 2014 DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Distribution authorized to U.S. Government agencies and their contractors only, because it requires protection as specified by Memorandum, Deputy Chief of Staff, G-3/5/7, DAMO-ODA-A, Structured data is easily detectable via search because it is highly organized information. Structured analysis is a relatively new approach to intelligence analysis with the driving forces behind the use of these techniques being: In general, the Intelligence Community began focusing on structured techniques because analytic failures led to the recognition that it had to do a better job overcoming cognitive limitations, analytic pitfalls, and addressing the problems associated with mindsets. Who are we? 0 Watch Queue Queue. The chart above shows this graphically. Here, we examine two techniques that may be used to help ‘scaffold’ problem construction ability: the six thinking hats and the six good men. The core of Structured Thinking is to group ideas in a presenter’s inductive or deductive thought process into small clusters that support the main thesis in increasing detail (granularity). I had written an article on how structured thinking can help an analyst by reducing iterations and turn around time on projects. Some techniques are fairly simple to understand and employ—such as Brainstorming and Devil’s Advocacy. Courtesy of Jonathan Courtney of AJ&Smart Berlin, Lightning Decision Jam … 66 structured techniques provide readers with the best practices in intelligence, law enforcement, homeland security, and business analysis. The John A. Dutton e-Education Institute is the learning design unit of the College of Earth and Mineral Sciences at The Pennsylvania State University. Brainstorming (Imaginative Thinking Technique, p. 27) Brainstorming is a structured two-step “divergent and convergent” process to stimulate new thinking in a wide variety of circumstances. xref Unlike normal free-form brainstorming where a group comes together and yells out creative ideas and one person tries to capture them on a whiteboard or in a document, brain writing is a quieter activity with individual work time followed by group collaboration. 4. 2482 0 obj <> endobj Deep learning is a class of machine learning algorithms that (pp199–200) uses multiple layers to progressively extract higher-level features from the raw input. The techniques are not a guarantee of analytic precision or accuracy of judgments; they do improve the usefulness, sophistication, and credibility of intelligence assessments. iasarthak, November 8, 2020 . Structured (or convergent) thinking can organize a flood of information to reveal suspicious gaps in data, bringing efficiency and speed to problem investigation. Heuer categorized structured techniques by how they help analysts overcome human cognitive limitations or pitfalls to analysis. The use of these techniques later helps to review the geospatial analysis and identify the cause of any error. These teaching strategies are based on an understanding of how autism impacts the thinking, learning, and behavior of an individual with ASD. 2482 12 Creative thinking is a skill which lets you consider things from a fresh perspective and different angles. Work with your group to discover the drivers behind the problem you’re addressing. The Six Thinking Hats method identifies six modes of thinking, which are meant to be directed in parallel at the problem at hand. 0000003098 00000 n About theoryofknowledge.net. The College of Earth and Mineral Sciences is committed to making its websites accessible to all users, and welcomes comments or suggestions on access improvements. Systems Thinking can help us see why measures that may superficially seem likely to worsen the situation may, in fact, be optimal solutions. startxref Furthermore, although Heuer and Pherson do walk the reader through the eight phases of analytical thought, it is not a checklist that one must follow rigidly from start to finish. Even if both intuitive and scientific approaches provide the same degree of accuracy, structured techniques have value in that they can be easily used to balance the art and science of their analysis. By introducing a structured parallel thinking process, it helps people to be more focused and mindfully involved in a discussion. al (strŭk′chər-əl) adj. He coauthored Critical Thinking for Strategic Intelligence with Katherine Hibbs Pherson, Cases in Intelligence Analysis: Structured Analytic Techniques in Action with Sarah Miller Beebe, and several other guides for analysts on writing, briefing, indicators, and managing the production process. HELPING STUDENTS AROUND THE WORLD TO THINK FOR THEMSELVES. Most people solve geospatial problems intuitively by trial and error. Unified Structured Inventive Thinking (USIT) is a structured, problem-solving methodology for finding innovative solution concepts to engineering-design type problems. In our new course Solving Complex Problems: Structured Thinking, Design Principles, and AI, you’ll acquire core principles that will change the way you approach and solve large-scale challenges—increasing your likelihood of success. Brain Writing. You then go around the group and have each person share an idea that builds off of the previous ones. primer highlights how structured analytic techniques can help one challenge judgments, identify mental mindsets, stimulate creativity, and manage uncertainty. Concerned with or resulting from political or especially economic structure. 28 structured models, approaches, and techniques that apply structured analysis to tactical battlefield situations.5 ODNI promotes IC-wide training for analysts in critical thinking and SATs,6 and the 2014 National Intelligence Strategy calls on the IC to reinforce analytic methods that challenge long-standing Structured What If Techniques (SWIFT) are structured brainstorming methods for quick risk identification [20]. Structured Thinking. Testimonials page; Contact information; Payment information; Terms and conditions; About the TOK course . You can use it on your own or in a group. Implement effective problem-solving techniques, including abstracting the problem, idea generation, concept development and refinement, system-level thinking, and proposal generation. 1 Intelligence analysts should be self-conscious about their reasoning processes. Structured brainstorming is a technique used to generate ideas, which can help to solve a problem. For example, in image processing, lower layers may identify edges, while higher layers may identify the concepts relevant to a human such as digits or letters or faces.. Overview. Structured Analytic Techniques … The Pennsylvania State University © 2014, The Learner's Guide to Geospatial Analysis, The Learner's Guide to Geospatial Analysis (V1.1), A Tradecraft Primer: Structured Analytic Techniques for Improving Intelligence Analysis, Chapter 2 - Structured Geospatial Analytic Method (SGAM), Chapter 3 - Structured Analytic Techniques, The Structured Analytic Techniques "Toolbox", Chapter 4 - Develop the Geospatial Question, Chapter 5 - Grounding in the Problem and Team Building, APPENDIX A: Example SGAM Application - The DC Shooter Case Study, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Department of Energy and Mineral Engineering, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Earth and Environmental Systems Institute, iMPS in Renewable Energy and Sustainability Policy Program Office, BA in Energy and Sustainability Policy Program Office, 2217 Earth and Engineering Sciences Building, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802. an increased understanding of cognitive limitations and pitfalls that make intelligence analysis difficult; prominent intelligence failures that have prompted reexamination of how intelligence analysis is generated; DNI policy support and technical support for interagency collaboration; and. 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