Space plugs 6”-12” apart. If you are establishing a new lawn, you can find some varieties that are more cold-tolerant, and others that require less-frequent mowing. Which is more shade tolerant? St. Augustine has above-ground runners, known as stolons, which creep along the soil and put down roots. Spray for grubs and sod worms each spring to prevent infestations, and apply a fungicide to prevent brown patch and grey leaf spot (source). Purchase Zoysia plugs from a reputable grower where they are guaranteed to grow or replaced free (link to Zoysia Farms). She has an A.A.S. Now that you’ve gone through Zoysia vs Bermuda difference, you know which one suits your lawn best. However, they each thrive in different climates, and they have different appearances, which may influence your turf choice. All of these diseases can cause grey or brown spots in the lawn or on individual leaves. It is such a prolific nuisance that there are multiple sprays and chemical control... 5 Tips for Creating Beautiful, Low-Maintenance Flower Beds. Amazon has put together some great Home Holiday Guide Deals - save money and get your holiday shopping done! Aerate from April-September each year, and dethatch if there is more than ½” of dead grass clippings. Zoysia spreads with stolons, like St. Augustine, but it also spreads using below-ground runners called rhizomes. It is a very coarse-textured type that grows via above-ground stolons that can reach several feet. For Most People, Zoysia Grass is the Better Choice If someone asks, “would you put Bermuda grass or Zoysia grass in your yard,” I’m putting Zoysia every time. Plant St. Augustine three months before the first frost and keep it moist. Zoysia also tolerates salty soils, but this is more consistent with dry climates that have salt buildup due to lack of rainfall rather than coastal regions. Occasionally, it will be found in areas of California. Let’s Settle This! St. Augustine is a good turf grass for hot, humid, coastal climates with sandy soil. Better yet, these species have a low fertilizer requirement. Then depending on the severity of that shade, one variety of St. Augustine or Zoysia may work better than another. Fertilizing Bermuda grass is similar to fertilizing St. Augustine grass. Zoysia is susceptible to brown spot, rust, and leaf spot. It is more expensive than the St. Augustine’s that we have. Wet a handful of soil so that it is moist but not dripping. St. Augustine and Zoysia have similar growing zones, so which grass you choose will come down to your soil classification and how much effort you want to put into improving the soil in your yard. You can use a simple test to determine your soil texture. Texas is well-known for extremes in temperature and lengthy dry spells. Plant St. Augustine if your lawn drains well, receives consistent rainfall or irrigation, and has shaded areas. There are many varieties to choose from, such as Pampas, Bermuda, and St. Augustine. If it holds its shape but crumbles easily, you have silt. Zoysia is a popular choice for homeowners because it can tolerate shade, drought, cold and traffic. St. Augustine can thrive in moderate shade, so it is able to choke out weeds and other grasses in shady yards better than zoysia. Mow as frequently as needed to prevent breaking the 1/3rd rule, which is generally every 10-14 days. (See ref 1, Zoysiagrass and Bermudagrass) Nonetheless, it is a traditional favorite. Better toleration of aeration and dethatching. Learn why Empire is a superior choice over Floratam St. Augustine. Darker soils have a high organic matter content, which means it should hold onto nutrients well and retain moisture without becoming waterlogged. There are a lot of additional factors that will determine success when planting either grass in partial shade. St. Augustine requires more water and care than other grasses and is susceptible to freeze and disease. kcr6419 – posted 06 June 2013 17:26 I’d give Zoysia a try. St. Augustine is a dense, bluish-green turf that should be mowed 2”-4” tall. St. Augustine Grass. Zoysia does not handle shade as well as St. Augustine, so in a humid climate with shady areas, St. Augustine would be a better choice. It is not at all tolerant of cold temperatures, and requires plenty of moisture for survival. Saint Augustine is a good choice in areas that have very tightly packed, gumbo clay type soil. Both are warm-season grasses and are widely planted throughout the South and warmer regions of the U.S. For example, in areas to the north and to the west of San Antonio, it Is a lot smarter to choose Bermuda or Zoysia for sod installation. If it holds its shape without crumbling, you have clay. Under most other conditions, however, zoysia is the better option if you don’t mind your lawn going dormant during dry seasons. It will tolerate a wider range of temperatures than zoysia, but it must have good drainage and consistent irrigation in order to thrive. Seeds may take up to 3 weeks to germinate, and you must keep the soil moist during that time. For best results, all three of these types of grass should be watered deeply once a week using a minimum of one inch of water. For more information, read Is St. Augustine Grass Drought Tolerant? Although this turf stays green longer than zoysia, once it turns brown, it’s dying, not going dormant. Zoysia can choke out weeds in sunny areas of the lawn once it is established. Curb appeal is definitely a science and an art. It’s surprising that St Augustine is as popular as it is because it is actually not very drought hearty and it consumes quite a bit of water. Stolons allow the grass to fill in quickly as long as there is adequate moisture. St. Augustine is a low-maintenance grass under the right conditions. St. Augustine grows in subtropical regions of the United States, and it is most common along the coasts due to its high salt tolerance. St. Augustine needs more frequent mowing, irrigation, and fertilization than zoysia. However, new zoysia lawns may take 6-8 weeks to begin active growth, so you may need to spray a broadleaf weed control during the first year. It is especially well-suited to sandy, coarse soil; whereas, Saint Augustine does well in clay-based soils. This will result in an instant, weed-free lawn. It is not as elegant as Saint Augustine, but it grows well in almost all Texas settings. Keep zoysia consistently moist until you begin to see active growth from sprigs, plugs, or sod. So, which grass should you choose for your new lawn? Plant zoysia if your lawn has high-traffic areas, gets inconsistent moisture, and has poor soil. By: Evan Gillespie 19 October, 2009. It is also important to have a consistent and abundant supply of water for Saint Augustine. The most common warm-season species are bermudagrass, buffalo grass, centipede grass, seashore paspalum, St. Augustine and Zoysia grass. However, St. Augustine is one of the more expensive sod choices at $.30-$.70/sq’. Standard lawn grass species are cool-season grasses that thrive during the cool, moist weather of spring and fall. You can also establish zoysia from sprigs, plugs, or sod. It is also more tolerant of dethatching. Zoysia is one of the recommended species of warm-season grass for clay soils. Your email address will not be published. There are many factors that can determine which turf you choose, but first, Let’s dive into the basics of each grass. Both St. Augustine and zoysia are warm-season grasses with roughly the same growing regions. St. Augustine has higher nitrogen requirements than zoysia, so it needs a fertile soil or consistent fertilizer applications. Examples provided of tested products are actual products owned, tested, and used regularly by the author. In this article, we will compare and contrast these types of grasses. The hybrid cultivar Raleigh is less disease-prone than other varieties. An attractive yard provides an elegant and relaxing space to enjoy on the weekend or after a long day. If St. Augustine begins to turn brown, it is dying, not going dormant. Silt tends to act like clay under most conditions. While zoysia is a good choice for low-maintenance lawns, there are some climates where St. Augustine is the better option. It will tolerate a wider range of temperatures than zoysia, but it must have good drainage and consistent irrigation in order to thrive. Mow every 5-14 days to maintain the proper height. Zoysia handles clay soil much better than St. Augustine. Zoysia is more prone to disease and "bald spots". Zoysia may need dethatching every few years, but this can be reduced by practicing annual core aeration. The rhizomes are protected from the sun and mower blades, which makes zoysia more drought-resistant and able to recover much easier from short mowing heights or dethatching. Learn more about preparing clay soil, how to care for St. Augustine, and how to establish zoysia in clay soil. For zoysia grass to overtake and smother St. Augustine grass, the soil must become drier to favor the zoysia's slower growth and cause the St. Augustine to wither. Thriving Yard is a privately owned website. Thriving Yard is an affiliate for companies including Amazon Associates and earn a commission on qualifying purchases. You can plant zoysia any time from mid spring to 8 weeks before the first frost. St. Augustine does not handle power-raking, but you can use a hand rake each spring to remove an unhealthy thatch layer. If thatch is a consistent problem, try bagging your lawn clippings every other time you mow, which will help keep thatch at a manageable thickness. Warm-season grasses, though less … Learn more about Zoysia grass from our comprehensive guide on establishing and maintaining a healthy Zoysia lawn. St. Augustine is susceptible to drought year-round, so it’s important to monitor for drought stress and irrigate as needed. Most soils will need a starter fertilizer to help the turf establish roots quickly, and you may need to fertilize every 6 weeks until the first frost to help the turf prepare for cooler weather. St. Augustine is a good turf grass for hot, humid, coastal climates with sandy soil. Several weeks after the Bermuda grass is completely green in the spring, apply 1/2 to 1 pound of nitrogen in a slow-release fertilizer with a 4-1-2 ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium per 1,000 square feet. An easier method is to use plugs, which is small sections of cut sod spaced apart across the lawn. When it comes to sunlight, zoysia is more shade-tolerant than Bermuda and, as such, is a better candidate for lawns with areas of moderate shade. Zoysia Vs. Centipede Grass. Sprigs are sections of stolons cut from sod that you spread over bare soil and press into the lawn with a heavy roller. Can You Dethatch St. Augustine Grass? St. Augustine will require supplemental irrigation in dry climates. The first step in establishing a new lawn is to do a soil test (link to Amazon) so you can properly prepare the soil before you plant. If St. Augustine is maintained well, it can choke out most weeds without help from herbicides. The only way to determine your soil’s fertility and pH is with a soil test. One major benefit to planting zoysia rather than St. Augustine is that zoysia has viable seed options, which is by far the cheapest way to establish a new lawn. We have just moved to our first house, the previous owner put a really nice Zoysia grass everywhere, but now it is dying under the invasion of St.Augustine grass from our both neighbors. Healthy maintenance practices are the key to a lawn’s success, so make sure that no matter which turf you choose, you follow a consistent maintenance schedule that includes aeration, topdressing, proper irrigation schedules and mowing heights. Most homeowners want a beautiful yard to compliment their house. Crabgrass is an annoying, creeping, annual grass that can quickly invade lawns, flower beds, and vegetable gardens. Q: My lawn gets 4-5 hours of sunlight. If you are a homeowner with a lawn, you certainly look for a grass that could grow easily in your lawn. Chinch bugs are the most common pest that affects zoysia. Saint Augustine does not do well in rugged terrain. St. Augustine should be mowed May-October 2”-4” with a sharp blade. 0 Comments. Though there are many varieties to choose from, always pay attention to the weather and conditions in your lawn before finalizing any type of grass. I realize that I can fertilize, water and wait for the St Aug to fill in, but I'm thinking of converting to Empire Zoysia. See Can You Dethatch St. Augustine Grass? Bermuda grass is usually identified by its spikelets that are borne in four or five slender spikes at the tips of the upright stems. This insect attacks during hot, dry periods of the summer and can look like drought damage. Extremely poor drainage in compacted clay will prevent almost any grass from thriving. When you prepare your lawn for St. Augustine, mix in 3”-6” of high-quality compost to help with drainage and improve fertility. Recommended Reading: Best Fertilizer For Clay Soil Lawn: Why Ingredients Matter. One popular choice is Zoysia grass. Squeeze the soil firmly. Zoysia tolerates a wider range of climates and soils than St. Augustine. Silty soils can become compacted under high traffic, but they are easier to amend with compost, and they usually have better drainage than clay. The most expensive way to establish St. Augustine is with sod. The look of your lawn reveals to any passerby how well you’ve mastered it. Your email address will not be published. Of the types of grasses for Texas, St Augustine is a long time favorite. August 5, 2015
This helps you will have success with a … Required fields are marked *. However, zoysia has a high drought-tolerance, so if you notice brown patches that don’t recover after irrigation, treat for chinch bugs before they can spread to the rest of your turf. Mowing height depends on the variety, but most varieties should be mowed ¾”-2.5” with a sharp blade from April-October. Bahia grass is low-growing and forms a tough, open turf that resists thatch. Zoysia species are best grown in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 6 through 9, while Bermuda species perform best in USDA zones 7 through 10. While both kinds of grass will survive in most southern lawns, they are each suited to different climates and soil conditions. and centipedegrass (Eremchloa ophiuroides) are medium-textured warm-season turf grasses that are well adapted for use in lawns in Southern climates. Best Fertilizer For Clay Soil Lawn: Why Ingredients Matter, Recovers well from low-height mowing and dethatching, Does not choke out weeds as soon as St. Augustine grass. Zoysia grasses are usually mowed at a height of.5–2 inches whereas St. Augustines are generally mowed at a height of 2–4 inches. Both put off runners that get into everything, although zoysia isn't quite as aggressive. It’s surprising that St Augustine is as popular as it is because it is actually not very drought hearty and it … Zoysia grass spreads by both above-ground and underground shoots (stolons and rhizomes); while St. Augustine grass only spreads through above-ground shoots (stolons) and lack underground shoots (stolons). Daria – posted 28 April 2009 09:04. The downside is that St. Augustine grass does thrive better in shady areas and will wear down in areas that are heavily frequented by children or pets. Here Are The Facts, Does Lawn Aeration Really Work? Please help us, we don’t know what to do! You can read Bermuda grass vs St. Augustine … Once established, it’s durable even without fertilization. But despite its popularity, there are both pros and cons of Zoysia grass that are worth contemplating before you make the decision to switch. This grass sends out runners that can help stabilize erosion-prone soil. Elevate your lawn expectations. Let’s start off with the most important element for plant life: water. Zoysia is drought-tolerant and will go dormant within 7 days of hot, dry conditions. The grass is known for its rich, bluish-green tint, which is most prominent during the warmer seasons. Bahia grass: Bahia grass (Paspalum notatum) is a tough, coarse grass that roots deeply and extensively. If you have full sunlight, I’d say Bermuda grass is better than Zoysia out on sports fields or in higher traffic areas where it’s important to have grass that recuperates faster from traffic and … For this reason, there are only a few types of grass that do well in Texas. Bermuda grass wins this round, if you are looking for a type of grass with lower water requirements. Side By Side Comparison). In light shade or subfreezing winter weather, zoysia will persist even when dormant, but the St. Augustine will be … Annual aeration can help manage thatch, but because St. Augustine does not have rhizomes, the aerator must be set to remove fewer cores so that it can fill in before summer. However, their tolerance limits to cold weather are different. A wider blade than Bermuda grass, it can tolerate a good amount of Shade. Both St. Augustine and zoysia are warm-season grasses, which means they have a similar growth habit. Of the types of grasses for Texas, St Augustine is a long time favorite. St. Augustine does not handle dethatching with a power rake, so it is important to mow frequently to prevent long grass clippings or clumps of grass. Side By Side Comparison, St. Augustine Lawn Care Fertilizer Schedule (Free Printable). April 4, 2019 April 11, 2019 Tiffany Hepburn Grass, lawn maintenance. If it doesn’t hold its shape, you have sand. However, it has a lower tolerance of poor soils and poor drainage, which may disqualify this turf as an option in your climate. In this article we will talk about Bermuda and St. Augustine grasses that are good for warm climates. Specific zoysia and St. Augustine varieties may differ, but they generally fall pretty close to their generic mowing heights. Zoysia is more expensive in all cases than the Bermuda. Both grasses are warm season perennial grasses that grow actively during the summer but … Product recommendations not personally owned are based on the author’s knowledge of the company, product, reliability, and reputation. If your lawn turns a bluish color, or if footprints remain when you walk across it in the evening, irrigate ¾”-1” the following morning (source). Both zoysiagrass (Zoysia spp.) There are many factors to consi… Zoysia vs. Centipede Grass. Unlike corporate website companies, the authors on this website regularly use many of the tips and recommendations provided in their own garden and lawncare. Bermuda grass is second in popularity, and Zoysia (a fairly recent addition to Texas grasses) is gaining ground. Clay soils tend to become compacted, which leaves very little pore space for drainage. This site is a participant in affiliate programs such as Amazon Associates and earns from qualifying purchases. Even the more desirable “turf type” Fescue is the heaviest maintenance lawn type for our area. It would be better not to mix because the former grows slower than later which can choke the latter. Let’s Settle This! Zoysia sod is more expensive than St. Augustine, and can cost anywhere from $.50-$.85/sq’ foot. In the south, one big element of that mastery is understanding the pros, cons, similarities, and differences of Bermuda grass vs. St. Augustine. (See Does Lawn Aeration Really Work? A: Both grasses are “somewhat“ shade tolerant. As with most sod options, there are some varieties that are more shade or pest tolerant that are only available in sod form, so in some climates it may be worth it to plant sod because you won’t have to wait as long for good coverage. However, St. Augustine is susceptible to a few pests and diseases. in Landscape Design/Organic Produce Production from the Nebraska College of Technical Agriculture. The difference between the three is that without regular watering, Saint Augustine will die off. If you live in the south zoysia is a good choice, particularly those with thicker blades. Therefore, the care schedules are very similar, with St Augustine being slightly more labor-intensive than zoysia. Zoysia doesn’t need mowed as often as St. Augustine, and it is tolerant of a wide range of poor soils. St. Augustine tolerates extremely high summer temperatures as long as it has enough moisture. Plugs have an intact root system, which makes it easier to keep alive after planting and helps the lawn fill in faster than sprigs. St. Augustine and Zoysia are popular grass options in the southern United States due to their aggressive growth and relative drought tolerance. Zoysia may have difficulty establishing a root system from sprigs, so the more common planting method is to use plugs. It handles dethatching and aeration well, so if you topdress each year with compost, you may be able to skip fertilizing and irrigation. Bermuda is an aggressive, low-growing grass that is nearly impossible to remove because it spreads through rhizomes, stolons, and seed. Bermuda Grass. Proper maintenance will help prevent most diseases, but you may need to spray if large areas are affected. Sydney has over 15 years of experience in lawn maintenance, landscape design, and organic gardening. This can be a difficult way to establish a lawn unless you can keep it moist for 4-6 weeks while the stolons establish a root system. Fescue vs. Zoysia Fescue or Zoysia Comparison Zoysia vs Fescue. Zoysia is a low-growing grass with a dense root system and tolerates drought better than St Augustine. document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "add2e773fa4925e335feb2970106bbd9" );document.getElementById("bbd004a1d9").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Bermuda vs Zoysia vs St Augustine Grass in Texas. St. Augustine grass is a thickly-growing grass species that creates a lush, inviting landscape. Learn about Bermuda grass, zoysia grass, st augustine grass, and centipede grass. This grass can tolerate a pH of 5.0-8.5 (source), giving it a larger range than zoysia. Best for Shaded Areas with Sprinkler Systems. I’m trying to decide between TifTuf bermuda and Zenith zoysia. They are: Bermuda grass, Zoysia Grass and St Augustine grass. Zoysia thrives in the southeastern United States, but it can tolerate regions as far north as Nebraska. During a drought, zoysia may appear to be less resilient than St. Augustine, but zoysia always recovers from drought with irrigation or rainfall, while St. Augustine may not recover once it has turned brown. Can I Mix Zoysia and Bermuda? Therefore, it may be easier to plant seeds in the spring when there is more rainfall and the temperatures are lower. It does not hold up to foot traffic as well as zoysia, and it does not fill in as fast after aeration or damage. Besides climate, soil is the most important factor for turf choice. Bermuda grass is second in popularity, and Zoysia (a fairly recent addition to Texas grasses) is gaining ground. Zoysia will do well in most silty soils, and St. Augustine will do well as long as the soil drains well and has low foot traffic. St. Augustine grass is best suited to warm-arid regions such as Florida and the Gulf Coast region. They are usually a blend of several hybrids that offer different qualities. Zoysia does not require as much fertilization as St. Augustine, which makes it the better choice for poor soils. My front yard (approx 1,000 square feet) is Floratam St Augustine and has lots bare spots from drought, dog wear & tear etc. In the final analysis, if you are choosing between Zoysia, Bermuda grass or St Augustine you are generally better off picking from between the first two. Empire Zoysia grass is the perfect choice for Florida. St. Augustine needs more frequent mowing, irrigation, and fertilization than zoysia. Bermuda grows much taller and requires more mowing. Zoysia grass grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 10, and Bermuda grass is hardy in USDA plant hardiness zones 7 through 10. Zoysia is a resilient grass, but it can take a while for it to fill in and establish a thick lawn. Patrick Dickinson, the Urban Water Program Coordinator at Texas A&M AgriLife Research Center, suggests St. Augustine will lose this category of the turf wars, because it greedily slurps up twice the amount of water as Bermuda grass. Versatile Zoysia does well in both. You need to mow frequently with sharp blades. The cheapest, but most labor-intensive method of establishing a St. Augustine lawn is to use sprigs. Both Zoysia and Bermuda are warm-season grasses, and a soil temperature of 65-75 degree F is ideal for both. Read on to find which one is better for your lawn. It also tolerates poor drainage better though this should be taken with a grain of salt. One of my neighbors decided to replace his lawn with Zoysia without the homeowner associations’ approval. Lush, colorful flower beds increase curb appeal while attracting bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. How To Get Rid Of Them, Gardening Advice to Harvesting Fresh Produce Regularly. St. Augustine has large flat stems and broad coarse leaves while Bermuda grass has short flat leaves. Lawn Service Grapevine > Lawn Blog > Sod Installation > Bermuda vs Zoysia vs St Augustine Grass in Texas, Author: Clint E
Of the three, Zoysia is actually the best performer, but it is also the most expensive. Inference. link to How to Keep Crabgrass Out of Flower Beds, link to 5 Tips for Creating Beautiful, Low-Maintenance Flower Beds, establishing and maintaining a healthy Zoysia lawn, Will Zoysia Grow In Clay Soil? Here Are The Facts. --, Weeds In Your Lawn? Kane Skennar/Digital Vision/Getty Images. Bahia grass has excellent wearability, but gets a high-maintenance rating in the mowing department. Once established, St. Augustine chokes out most weeds, making sprays unnecessary in most lawns. Both zoysia (Zoysia japonica) and Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) are common lawn grasses in the United States, particularly in warmer areas such as Florida and the Gulf States. If you want to prevent dormancy, irrigate as needed April-October at 1”/week (source). Click Here to see the latest deals (link To Amazon). Learn more about zoysia vs. centipede grass. Keep in mind that Bermuda grass does not do well in shade, so if you have a shaded area of rugged terrain, you are better off choosing Zoysia. Saint Augustine is a traditionally beloved grass and elegant type of grass, but with weather conditions and water availability becoming less and less sure in the state of Texas you are probably better off investing your money in a hardier grass that is more versatile and more tolerant of drought. Zoysia can only tolerate a pH of 5.8-7.0, which makes it less versatile than St. Augustine. Learn warm season grass identification and grass care. Zoysia Grass vs. St Augustine in North Texas. Copyright © Lawn Service Grapevine 2015. Both grasses tolerate some shade, but St. Augustine is more shade tolerant than zoysia. Bermuda grass is the most difficult weed to remove from a zoysia lawn. Bermuda vs Zoysia – Which Will Win Q: I live in a neighborhood where the front lawns are required to be Bermuda grass. 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Are very similar, with St Augustine is more prone to disease ``. For clay soils also the most important element for plant life: water and has poor soil zoysia zoysia. Thrive during the warmer seasons relative drought tolerance and Bermudagrass ) Curb appeal while attracting,. A lot of additional factors that will determine success when planting either grass in partial shade: will zoysia in... “ turf type ” Fescue is the most important factor for turf.. In a neighborhood where the front lawns are required to be Bermuda grass is usually identified by its that. Beds, and fertilization than zoysia, once it turns brown, it can tolerate regions far. A week without moisture, zoysia grass is second in popularity, and requires plenty of for. In different climates, and fertilization than zoysia more rainfall and the Gulf or. Only way to determine your soil ’ s knowledge of the more desirable “ turf type ” Fescue is perfect.