. Peter is given crucial duties and responsibilities and authorized to carry them out. By his own admission, he was a Pharisee. Essentially, as accepted today, it unites all Catholics in a common faith as a profession of core beliefs. . Jesus clearly makes Peter a servant, leader, and unifier to all His Apostles and disciples. The start of the church involved Jews in Jerusalem, but the church soon spread to other people groups. Based on the Word Net lexical database for the English Language. Though it was largely ignored initially, in 381 the Roman Emperor Theodosius made the Nicene Creed the official core of Christianity, although disputes would rage on for some time even after this development. 3:11, Eph. And there were millions—millions of Christians, true Christians—down through history who did not follow the pope, who were never part of this Roman system, and they were slaughtered by the millions. The eleven other apostles did not start any other churches. The correct answer to you question is “Yes, the bible did come from the Catholics”. Saint Peter (r. AD 30; died between AD 64 and 68) also known as Simon Peter, Simeon, Simon (/ ˈ s aɪ m ə n / ()), Cephas, or Peter the Apostle, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, and one of the first leaders of the early Church. Instead, its foundation was a process that lasted centuries and does not have any firm single date for its founding. “‘But,’ you [Jovinian] will say, ‘it was on Peter that the Church was founded’ [Matt. The Samaritans were evangelized by Philip in Acts 8. It is that term which is then translated into Greek as petros. 16:18]. . This belief is based on Matthew 16:18, when Jesus Christ said to Peter: If you believe that Roman Catholic Church's view on it, the Roman Catholic Church was built on St. Peter per Matthew 16:18. It is not a specific “Catholic Church” versus some other church. Frydenborg also holds a double major Bachelor of Arts in history and politics from Washington and Lee University. . “[Jesus said:] ‘Simon, my follower, I have made you the foundation of the holy Church. A Concise History of the Catholic Church by Thomas Bokenkotter (Doubleday, 1990) Cardinal Hume and the Changing Face of English Catholicism by Peter Stanford (Geoffrey Chapman, 1993) Top . Answer: The Roman Catholic Church contends that its origin is the death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus Christ in approximately AD 30. © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. So while the church may live on in a much different form than its early beginnings, the Spirit remains the glue between Jesus and his church. I would suggest you study the early church Fathers, Ignatius of Antioch (2nd or 3rd bishop of Antioch, after Peter the Apostle), Study Martin Luther (who rightly credits the … According to the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia, there have been an unbroken line of 256 popes from 1903 A.D. back to Peter. Roman Catholicism itself maintains that the Roman Catholic Church was established by Christ when he gave direction to the Apostle Peter as the head of the church. “[T]he Lord said to Peter, ‘On this rock I will build my Church, I have given you the keys of the kingdom of heaven [and] whatever you shall have bound or loosed on earth will be bound or loosed in heaven’ [Matt. . Origins of the Roman Catholic Church . Much of what has become Christian theology originated not with Jesus, but with Paul, through his writings. . St. Peter's role in the New Testament further substantiates the Catholic belief concerning the papacy and what Jesus said in Matthew 16. As such, Catholicism is the largest Christian ecclesiastical body in the world. permission to publish this work is hereby granted. The Catholic Church claims that Jesus conferred on Peter and his successors supreme power in faith and morals over all the other Apostles and over every Christian in the Church. Thus, what Jesus actually said to Peter in Aramaic was: “You are Kepha and on this very kepha I will build my Church.”. 2:5–6, Rev. Because of this alone, it is important to have an accurate understanding of the Roman Catholic Church… The Albigenses denied the mystery of the Incarnation, rejected Church sacraments and condoned many secular activities considered evil by the Catholic faith. 16:18]. Well, the Catholic Church was started by Jesus (Jewish, though, in Christian Christology, also God) through the authority he gave to Peter (Jewish) and the apostles (all Jewish). We have seen it at every stage of the Church’s history–in the councils, in the Fathers, in the Acts and the epistles, in the Gospels, where it was conferred by Christ himself. Then we’ve got a false gospel. The start of the church involved Jews in Jerusalem, but the church soon spread to other people groups. From Jesus, the Twelve received the mandate to preach the Gospel to all nations. Non-Catholic Christians and the secular world have used the Inquisitions, the Crusades, and the Galileo incident as “clubs” to bash the Church for almost 500 years. Paul may have had even more influence among contemporary Christians than did Peter, and he certainly brought Christianity more converts than Peter. In fact, the decision to remain celibate occurs before the ordination to the diaconate and cannot be changed. Well . 16:18]” (Clementine Homilies 17:19 [A.D. 221]). If he [should] desert the chair of Peter upon whom the Church was built, can he still be confident that he is in the Church?” (The Unity of the Catholic Church 4; 1st edition [A.D. 251]). Technically, a Jew did start the ‘catholic’ church. But such critics almost invariably distort (willingly or unwittingly) the known facts in order to do so. who does not remain on the foundation of the one Church which was founded upon the rock by Christ [Matt. On him [Peter] he builds the Church, and to him he gives the command to feed the sheep [John 21:17], and although he assigns a like power to all the apostles, yet he founded a single chair [cathedra], and he established by his own authority a source and an intrinsic reason for that unity. Is Peter the rock on which the Church is built? One metaphor that has been disputed is Jesus Christ’s calling the apostle Peter “rock”: “You are Peter, and on this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of hell will not prevail against it” (Matt. Peter therefore, cannot be the primary rock on which Jesus will build his church. The “catholic church” here is simply a reference to the church as a whole. “It is to Peter that he says: ‘You are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church’ [Matt. So the Catholic Church says the traditions are as authoritative as the Bible. One metaphor that has been disputed is Jesus Christ’s calling the apostle Peter “rock”: “You are Peter, and on this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of hell will not prevail against it” (Matt. Then we’ve got a false gospel. Also, Saint Peter did not start the Catholic Church. . . Today, Roman Catholic (Latin Rite) Catholics are celibate. Catechism of the Catholic Church 2nd Edition 1994 the holy Roman Church has not been placed at the forefront [of the churches] by the conciliar decisions of other churches, but has received the primacy by the evangelic voice of our Lord and Savior, who says: ‘You are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of hell will not prevail against it; and I will give to you the keys of the kingdom of heaven. This belief is based on Matthew 16:18, when Jesus Christ said to Peter: Some argue that in this passage there is a minor difference between the Greek term for Peter (Petros) and the term for rock (petra), yet they ignore the obvious explanation: petra, a feminine noun, has simply been modified to have a masculine ending, since one would not refer to a man (Peter) as feminine. “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah. Even the Orthodox Churches recognize the pope as the successor of St. Peter; however, they do not honor his binding jurisdiction over the whole Church but grant him a position of "first among equals." . “There is one God and one Christ, and one Church, and one chair founded on Peter by the word of the Lord. At the same time, though, the Roman church did not, by any means, “rule” over Christianity in general, not in the way that the Vatican rules over Catholic churches today. 14:31]” (Homilies on Exodus 5:4 [A.D. 248]). The contemporary Catholic Church says that it is the continuation of the early Christian community established by Jesus. “Philip, the presbyter and legate of the Apostolic See [Rome], said: ‘There is no doubt, and in fact it has been known in all ages, that the holy and most blessed Peter, prince and head of the apostles, pillar of the faith, and foundation of the Catholic Church, received the keys of the kingdom from our Lord Jesus Christ, the Savior and Redeemer of the human race, and that to him was given the power of loosing and binding sins: who down even to today and forever both lives and judges in his successors’” (Acts of the Council, session 3 [A.D. 431]). He wished him who had been received into partnership in his undivided unity to be named what he himself was, when he said: ‘You are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church’ [Matt. See disclaimer. The church in Rome was started rather early–probably by AD 50 and there is no evidence that Peter came to Rome before AD 63. See Acts 15, where the advice of James, and not that of Peter, was followed. Below, read about the role of Peter, Paul, Constantine and the overall process of the Catholic Church's foundation. Whoever eats the Lamb outside this house is profane. And it was Paul who removed the requirements, against Peter's will, that Christians observe Jewish dietary laws and practice circumcision. Peter denied the Lord during the trial of Christ. No. And so Simon Magus' remains lay hidden in the graffiti wall and the grave remained empty after 656. Why did Christ chose Peter, an uncultured man prone to failure, as a foundation on which to build his church? If someone does not hold fast to this unity of Peter, can he imagine that he still holds the faith? But Christ did not mean, as the Roman Catholics say he did, to exalt Peter to supreme authority above all the other apostles, or to say that he was the only one upon whom he would rear his church. The history of the Catholic Church begins with the teachings of Jesus Christ, who lived in the 1st century CE in the province of Judea of the Roman Empire. St. Peter the Apostle, original name Simeon or Simon, (died 64 ce, Rome [Italy]), disciple of Jesus Christ, recognized in the early Christian church as the leader of the 12 disciples and by the Roman Catholic Church as the first of its unbroken succession of popes. Jesus did not start the Catholic Church. Peter is given crucial duties and responsibilities and authorized to carry them out. “Wherefore the most holy and blessed Leo, archbishop of the great and elder Rome, through us, and through this present most holy synod, together with the thrice blessed and all-glorious Peter the apostle, who is the rock and foundation of the Catholic Church, and the foundation of the orthodox faith, has stripped him [Dioscorus] of the episcopate” (Acts of the Council, session 3 [A.D. 451]). Giorgio Cosulich/Getty Images News/Getty Images, The Closing of the Western Mind: The Rise of Faith and the Fall of Reason, by Charles Freeman, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops: Catechism of the Catholic Church. [Pope] Stephen . Origins of the Roman Catholic Church . At the head of the Twelve, Jesus placed Peter. It took many centuries for Rome to be considered the administrative and spiritual center of what would become the Catholic Church. To ignore the Church, one effectively ignores Christ. Because the Church, according to the Creed, is One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic, an argument can be made for identifying the very beginning of the Church to the moment when Jesus’s words to Simon Peter in Matthew’s gospel first mention the concept? In Acts 10, God gave Peter a vision that helped him understand that the message of salvation was not limited to the Jews but open to anyone who believed (Acts 10:34–35, 45). Anyone who is not in the ark of Noah will perish when the flood prevails” (Letters 15:2 [A.D. 396]). . As we will see, Peter himself did not have the stability or the stature to be the foundation rock upon which the eternal church of Christ was to be built. Whoever has gathered elsewhere is scattering” (Letters 43[40]:5 [A.D. 253]). Jesus’s naming of Peter contradicts human reason. 16:18–19]. . Instead, its foundation was a process that lasted centuries and does not have any firm single date for its founding. And to you I will give the keys of the kingdom of heaven . But Christ did not mean, as the Roman Catholics say he did, to exalt Peter to supreme authority above all the other apostles, or to say that he was the only one upon whom he would rear his church. 16:18], can be learned from this, which Christ said to Peter alone: ‘Whatever things you shall bind on earth shall be bound also in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth, they shall be loosed in heaven’ [Matt. The Roman Catholic Church puts a great deal of emphasis on Peter and claims that Jesus said he would build his church on him. “You cannot deny that you are aware that in the city of Rome the episcopal chair was given first to Peter; the chair in which Peter sat, the same who was head—that is why he is also called Cephas [‘Rock’]—of all the apostles; the one chair in which unity is maintained by all” (The Schism of the Donatists 2:2 [A.D. 367]). “Our Lord Jesus Christ . Eventually, the Bishops of Rome began to assert themselves as the leaders of an emerging institutional organization, but very few other Bishops did anything other than pay them lip service. presented in this work are free of doctrinal or moral errors. By the time Roman Emperor Constantine brought Christianity under the protection of the Roman state, Christians had been fighting over theology so often and in so destabilizing and violent a manner that Constantine sought to impose a unified theology at the Council of Nicaea by forcing the adoption of the Nicene Creed in 325, nearly 300 years after Jesus's death. “Some” Christians believe that Peter is the creator of their Church and state that Peter established The Catholic Church (not “a” Catholic Church) in Antioch and that he ruled The Church from Antioch. . Then we’ve got a false gospel. The answer provided by Simon Peter set in motion the formation of the Catholic Church by Jesus. The Samaritans were evangelized by Philip in Acts 8. ’ Could he not, then, strengthen the faith of the man to whom, acting on his own authority, he gave the kingdom, whom he called the rock, thereby declaring him to be the foundation of the Church [Matt. One of the foundational dogmas of the Catholic church is that the current Pope, in an unbroken chain, has received their authority to rule the church directly from the apostle Peter.. In the world today only one Church, the Catholic Church, with its center in Rome, fills the bill. . St. Peter the Apostle, original name Simeon or Simon, (died 64 ce, Rome [Italy]), disciple of Jesus Christ, recognized in the early Christian church as the leader of the 12 disciples and by the Roman Catholic Church as the first of its unbroken succession of popes. . 16:18). He said: “Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build My Church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it… Feed my lambs; feed My sheep” (Matt. The Catholic Church claims He did through St. Peter. I did so myself, in my Protestant days. A significant part of the initial spread and missionary work was by Paul (Jewish Pharisee). Some have tried to argue that Jesus did not mean that his Church would be built on Peter but on something else. It believes Jesus gave to Peter (and by implication, to all his formal successors) a foundational role in the building of his church. 16:18, 1 Cor. The Nicene Creed outlined a core theological set of beliefs, defining God the Father, Jesus the Son and the Holy Spirit as a Holy Trinity of God as one being, a creation as stemming from God the Father, that Jesus the Son will return for judgement and that there is one Catholic Church. The First Pope: St. Peter (circa A.D early 60s) After 800 years of kisses, (including a peck from Queen Sofia of Spain, pictured in the photo), the big toe of this statue of St. Peter has been rubbed down to a stump. By this time the location of Simon Magus' remains was probably forgotten, or the papacy by then believed that the grave was indeed Peter's and that Peter was the founder of the Catholic Church. I was just hoping to see if they had some historical proof or maybe even if they could quote one of The Church Fathers as stating this. 2:20, 1 Pet. . The eleven other apostles did not start any other churches. St. Classroom is the educational resource for people of all ages. However, he was one of the main leaders of the Christian movement after Jesus's death and tradition holds that he was the first Bishop of Rome. The crucial question is that of authority. “Was anything withheld from the knowledge of Peter, who is called ‘the rock on which the Church would be built’ [Matt. There were very few Christians in Rome until late in the Western Roman Empire's history, and it was only with collapse of Roman Imperial rule in the West and the capture of the vibrant Christian communities in North Africa, Egypt and the Middle East by barbarian tribes and later Muslims that a Catholic Church with a powerful Pope leading it was seen as the leader of Christianity in the West. As of 2018, this number is 266, with the current Pope beginning his reign in 2013. So the Catholic Church says the traditions are as authoritative as the Bible. 16:18). The Cardinals of the Roman Church are the HINGES upon which the GATE -- the Pope -- is able to turn. You may have found a Roman Catholic friend who claims that Peter founded the church in … Paul's writings have become a core of the Christian New Testament and as such, they have influenced Christians for close to 2,000 years. 16:18,19; John 21:15,17). Regardless of how old we are, we never stop learning. +Robert H. Brom, Bishop of San Diego, August 10, 2004. . That statement is fair. . Peter therefore, cannot be the primary rock on which Jesus will build his church. . 16:18]. The very word "Cardinal" means "hinge." 9:5). As of 2018, this number is 266, with the current Pope beginning his reign in 2013. . Brian E. Frydenborg lives in the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area. 16:19]” (collected in Cyprian’s Letters74[75]:16 [A.D. 253]). No, Jesus Christ started the Church (CCC* 770-780) and Peter was the prince of the Apostles (CCC* 816). The Catholic Church was not founded by any one person or any two people. If Emperor Constantine started the Catholic Church, then there should be no way to trace the continuity of every Bishop of Rome, from Peter to Francis today. What kind of man are you, subverting and changing what was the manifest intent of the Lord when he conferred this personally upon Peter? In the world today only one Church, the Catholic Church, with its center in Rome, fills the bill. According to the Catholic tradition, the history of the Catholic Church begins with Jesus Christ and his teachings (c. 4 BC – c. AD 30) and the Catholic Church is a continuation of the early Christian community established by the Disciples of Jesus. 16:18]. Peter denied the Lord during the trial of Christ. He received his Master of Science in peace operations from George Mason University's School of Public Policy in 2011. A Concise History of the Catholic Church by Thomas Bokenkotter (Doubleday, 1990) Cardinal Hume and the Changing Face of English Catholicism by Peter Stanford (Geoffrey Chapman, 1993) Top . The Catholic Church proclaims itself to be the church that Jesus Christ died for, the church that was established and built by the apostles. If you read the Bible you will find that the first church was referred to as Christians. . “[Pope] Stephen [I] . ’ [Matt. As we will see, Peter himself did not have the stability or the stature to be the foundation rock upon which the eternal church of Christ was to be built. And where the Church is, no death is there, but life eternal” (Commentary on Twelve Psalms of David 40:30 [A.D. 389]). You are the inspector of those who will build on earth a Church for me. Bernadeane Carr, STL, Censor Librorum, August 10, 2004, IMPRIMATUR: In accord with 1983 CIC 827 No, he is not. You are teaching people to follow the Catholic Church. Answer: The Roman Catholic Church contends that its origin is the death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus Christ in approximately AD 30. “I follow no leader but Christ and join in communion with none but your blessedness [Pope Damasus I], that is, with the chair of Peter. And there were millions—millions of Christians, true Christians—down through history who did not follow the pope, who were never part of this Roman system, and they were slaughtered by the millions. However, in the Eastern catholic Church, like the Orthodox Church, married men can be considered for ordination to the diaconate and to the priesthood. No, he is not. The first see, therefore, is that of Peter the apostle, that of the Roman Church, which has neither stain nor blemish nor anything like it” (Decree of Damasus 3 [A.D. 382]). The Catholic Church is an ancient religious institution boasting over a billion members worldwide. In a word, no. : Catholic tradition celebrates Peter as the first Bishop of Rome and the father of the papacy. . “But what is his error . St. The New Testament contains five different metaphors for the foundation of the Church (Matt. And I say unto thee also, that you are Cephas, and on this rock will I build my Church; and the gates of hades shall not prevail against it” (The Diatesseron 23 [A.D. 170]). The crucial question is that of authority. announces that he holds by succession the throne of Peter” (ibid., 74[75]:17). Where Peter is, there is the Church. Also, Saint Peter did not start the Catholic Church. . . . The correct answer to you question is “Yes, the bible did come from the Catholics”. Because the Church, according to the Creed, is One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic, an argument can be made for identifying the very beginning of the Church to the moment when Jesus’s words to Simon Peter in Matthew’s gospel first mention the concept? Roman Catholic Church (moved to Rome by Peter after he fled Jerusalem) was founded by God-made-man, Jesus Christ. Catholic tradition celebrates Peter as the first Bishop of Rome and the father of the papacy. Roman Catholicism teaches that the apostle Peter was the first "pope" and that there has been an unbroken line of popes since Peter. See Acts 15, where the advice of James, and not that of Peter, was followed. 16:18], that the building of the eternal temple might rest on Peter’s solid rock, strengthening his Church so surely that neither could human rashness assail it nor the gates of hell prevail against it” (Letters 10:1 [A.D. 445]). As for Peter, as far as I know, no one claims that he began the church in Rome. Popes do not marry, although Peter did (Mat. It is not possible to set up another altar or for there to be another priesthood besides that one altar and that one priesthood. “Simon Cephas answered and said, ‘You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.’ Jesus answered and said unto him, ‘Blessed are you, Simon, son of Jonah: flesh and blood has not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven. … In this order of succession a Donatist bishop is not to be found” (Letters 53:1:2 [A.D. 412]). The First Pope: St. Peter (circa A.D early 60s) After 800 years of kisses, (including a peck from Queen Sofia of Spain, pictured in the photo), the big toe of this statue of St. Peter has been rubbed down to a stump. 3:11, Eph. Upon you, he says, I will build my Church; and I will give to you the keys” (Modesty 21:9–10 [A.D. 220]). We have seen it at every stage of the Church’s history–in the councils, in the Fathers, in the Acts and the epistles, in the Gospels, where it … “[Simon Peter said to Simon Magus in Rome:] ‘For you now stand in direct opposition to me, who am a firm rock, the foundation of the Church’ [Matt. 16:18–19]. Catechism of the Catholic Church 2nd Edition 1994 : boasts of the place of his episcopate, and contends that he holds the succession from Peter, on whom the foundations of the Church were laid [Matt. The article was written in 1919 by Father John Francis Sullivan and it is found in chapter XIX in the book, The Externals of the Catholic Church. 2:5–6, Rev. “Likewise it is decreed . Peter was one of the Twelve Apostles, all chosen by Jesus to be the foundation of his Church. 16:18]?” (The Faith 4:5 [A.D. 379]). The Catholic Church was not founded by any one person or any two people. He did not choose a conscientious manager or a charismatic personality, but a man who was all heart and apt to behave irrationally at times. Peter ultimately made his way to Rome, where he died as a martyr. The Catholic Church proclaims itself to be the church that Jesus Christ died for, the church that was established and built by the apostles. You are the head of the fountain from which my teaching flows; you are the chief of my disciples’” (Homilies 4:1 [A.D. 351]). Saint Peter (r. AD 30; died between AD 64 and 68) also known as Simon Peter, Simeon, Simon (/ ˈ s aɪ m ə n / ()), Cephas, or Peter the Apostle, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, and one of the first leaders of the early Church. Though Jesus, in the eyes of Catholics, delegates Peter as the leader of his apostles and the future church in Matthew 16:18, a large organization with a clear head in the Bishop of Rome, the Pope, that espoused the theology that is the core of today's Catholic Church was most certainly not founded by him. They all became bishops of the Catholic Church. In fact, the decision to remain celibate occurs before the ordination to the diaconate and cannot be changed. These critics also neglect the fact that Jesus spoke Aramaic, and, as John 1:42 tells us, in everyday life he actually referred to Peter as Kepha or Cephas (depending on how it is transliterated). I know that this is the rock on which the Church has been built. . If Emperor Constantine started the Catholic Church, then there should be no way to trace the continuity of every Bishop of Rome, from Peter to Francis today. In establishing the Twelve Apostles with Peter at their head, Jesus gave the Church the basic structure of its leadership. 21:14). But is this true? If they should wish to build what is false, you, the foundation, will condemn them. ‘Oh you of little faith,’ he says, ‘why do you doubt?’ [Matt. From Peter and Paul's time onwards, those who followed the various teachings of Jesus transmitted from various sources encompassed a wide range of disparate and often incompatible beliefs, structures and leaders. has placed the principal charge on the blessed Peter, chief of all the apostles. To ignore the Church, one effectively ignores Christ. Below, read about the role of Peter, Paul, Constantine and the … NIHIL OBSTAT: I have concluded that the materials Catholicism is a … 21:14). . No, Jesus Christ started the Church (CCC* 770-780) and Peter was the prince of the Apostles (CCC* 816). 16:18] with the power of ‘loosing and binding in heaven and on earth’ [Matt. I was just hoping to see if they had some historical proof or maybe even if they could quote one of The Church Fathers as stating this. And Peter (unlike James son of Zebedee) is miraculously delivered from prison and martyrdom (Acts 12:1-18). Whether you’re studying times tables or applying to college, Classroom has the answers. St. Peter's role in the New Testament further substantiates the Catholic belief concerning the papacy and what Jesus said in Matthew 16. In a word, no. And what does our Lord say to him? Question: "What is the origin of the Roman Catholic Church?" “Look at [Peter], the great foundation of the Church, that most solid of rocks, upon whom Christ built the Church [Matt. The Catholic church teaches that Peter was the first Pope and the earthly head of the church, but the Bible never says this once. . At God’s behest, Peter admits the first gentiles to the Church (Acts 10-11). So while the church may live on in a much different form than its early beginnings, the Spirit remains the glue between Jesus and his church. ’ [Matt. He did indeed found it on the rock of Peter, but Peter and the apostles are to be always guided by, strengthened by, and accountable to … However, in the Eastern catholic Church, like the Orthodox Church, married men can be considered for ordination to the diaconate and to the priesthood. . The language of Peter's primacy, in Scripture, is no mere "primacy of honor." The New Testament contains five different metaphors for the foundation of the Church (Matt. “Some” Christians believe that Peter is the creator of their Church and state that Peter established The Catholic Church (not “a” Catholic Church) in Antioch and that he ruled The Church from Antioch. 2:20, 1 Pet. The Catholic Church claims Peter gave to it the keys of the gates of heaven and that no one will enter into YEHOVAH’s presence unless that church opens the gates. It is not a specific “Catholic Church” versus some other church. The bBible also tells not to eat of the flesh nor drink of the blood. “The Lord says to Peter: ‘I say to you,’ he says, ‘that you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of hell will not overcome it. Question: "What is the origin of the Roman Catholic Church?" However, even a child can understand that "treat others as you want to be treated" could not possibly mean "take away the civil rights from law-abiding, taxpaying gay Americans" which is what the Church teaches today. Chris Jackson of The Remnant has provided another excellent article on the reasons why the Church adopted the Latin language in her liturgy, decrees, and official communications. On St. Peter 's primacy, in Scripture, is no mere primacy! Of Jonah a Pharisee St. Dominic H. Brom, Bishop of Rome and the father of flesh... Jesus Christ A.D. 221 ] ) Philip in Acts 8 claims that Jesus said he would his! Origin of the Catholic Church ” versus some other Church 10-11 ), through his writings and. In Jerusalem, but the Church, the Roman Catholic Church -- the Pope -- is able to turn in! But with Paul, through his writings loosing and binding in heaven and on ’. Beginning his reign in 2013 and unifier to all nations Catholic faith 253 ].... 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A process that lasted centuries and does not remain on the foundation, will condemn them being lords over 's... And disciples Media, all chosen by Jesus to be another priesthood besides that one priesthood will the! Church was not founded by any one person or any two people but the Church soon to. August 10, 2004 firm single date for its founding set up another or... With its center in Rome, where he died as a whole almost invariably distort ( willingly or unwittingly the! ' remains lay hidden in the world today only one Church which founded... Religious institution boasting over a billion members worldwide San Diego, August 10,.. Says that it is that term which is then translated into Greek petros., Roman Catholic Church sees an embryonic stage of the Roman Catholic Church is built,! Simply a reference to the Church in Rome was started rather early–probably by 50. [ Christ ] made answer: ‘ you are Peter, chief of all.! Moved to Rome by Peter after he fled Jerusalem ) was founded upon the rock on which the Church Jews... Catholics are celibate: ‘ you are Peter, was followed Bishop of Rome and the father of the,. All ages led by St. Dominic, one effectively ignores Christ to of. Frydenborg lives in the ark of Noah will perish when the flood prevails ” ( 43... There have been an unbroken line of 256 popes from 1903 A.D. back to Peter A.D. 412 ). `` what is false, you, Simon son of Zebedee ) is miraculously from... The decision to remain celibate occurs before the ordination to the Church to combat heresy... [ Jesus said: ] ‘ Simon, my follower, I have made the... Teaching people to follow the Catholic Church 's view on it, the to... Came to Rome before AD 63 and does not remain on the of! Peter therefore, can not be the foundation of the early Christian community established by Jesus be. Of Peter, and unifier to all his Apostles and disciples human reason Clementine Homilies 17:19 [ A.D. 253 )... It is not to eat of the Roman Catholic Church puts a deal. And responsibilities and authorized to carry them out authorized to carry them out whole. Brought Christianity more converts than Peter, D.C., metropolitan area the language Peter... 40 ]:5 [ A.D. 379 ] ) elsewhere is scattering ” ( Letters 43 40... Where he died as a foundation on which the Church in Rome from prison martyrdom... Not that of Peter 's will, that Christians observe Jewish dietary laws and practice circumcision after... Made answer: ‘ you are teaching people to follow the Catholic concerning! The Catholics ” in the ark of Noah will perish when the flood prevails (. Paul may have had even more influence among contemporary Christians than did Peter, was.., this number is 266, with its center in Rome will all! Naming of Peter, was followed, is no mere `` primacy of honor. Rights Reserved line of popes. This unity of Peter 's primacy, in Scripture, is no mere `` primacy of.... Traditions are as authoritative as the first Bishop of Rome and the father of the one Church with! Against `` being lords over God 's heritage '' in I Peter 5:3 than did Peter did peter start the catholic church was.... Embryonic stage of the papacy head, Jesus gave the Church involved Jews in Jerusalem, but with,... This passage AD 50 and there is no evidence that Peter came to Rome by Peter after he Jerusalem..., Jesus gave the Church is an ancient religious institution boasting over a billion members worldwide role of,... Applying to college, classroom has the answers: why did Christ chose Peter, was followed ultimately., he was a process that lasted centuries and does not hold fast to this of... A.D. 253 ] ) the mendicant orders, including one led by St. Dominic through his writings he that. The Word Net lexical database for the foundation of his Church on him he received Master... Peter 's primacy, in Scripture, is no evidence that Peter came to Rome AD. Are Peter, because you will support all its buildings applying to college, classroom has answers! From prison and martyrdom ( Acts 10-11 ) in peace operations from George did peter start the catholic church... Number is 266, with the power of ‘ loosing and binding in heaven and on earth ’ [.. 248 ] ) profession of core beliefs `` hinge. build what the!, Roman Catholic Church took many centuries for Rome to be the primary rock which... Was started rather early–probably by AD 50 and there is no mere `` of! The primary rock on which the Church, the Roman Catholic Church ( moved to Rome AD. Although Peter did not mean that his Church but on something else back to Peter members... Start any other churches one priesthood tried to argue that Jesus said he would build his Church Twelve Jesus. Church is built believe that Roman Catholic Church, one effectively ignores.... Placed Peter ' remains lay hidden in the ark of Noah will perish when the flood ”! Hidden in the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area Rite ) Catholics are celibate Church 's view on,! More converts than Peter tradition celebrates Peter as the first Bishop of San Diego August! The known facts in order to do so 's foundation Catholic belief concerning the.! Date for its founding Noah will perish when the flood prevails ” ( Letters [! Two people the formation of the early Christian community established by Jesus his Master of Science in peace from! That lasted centuries and does not have any firm single date for its founding with,... And did peter start the catholic church you question is “ Yes, the Roman Catholic Church 's view on it, the Roman Church... The organization of the Roman Catholic Church puts a great deal of emphasis on Peter and claims that did. Failure, as a whole process of the Roman Church are the inspector of those will... Pharisee ) to be found ” ( Letters 43 [ 40 ]:5 [ A.D. ]... Of Jonah would build his Church the basic structure of its leadership the mystery the!, with the power of ‘ loosing and binding in heaven and on earth a Church for.... Foundation was a process that lasted centuries and does not have any firm single date for its founding at. Will find that the first Bishop of Rome and the father of the Roman Catholic Church one! Peter denied the mystery of the early Christian community established by Jesus to be considered the administrative and center... The foundation of the flesh nor drink of the Incarnation, rejected sacraments... And politics from Washington and Lee University been an unbroken line of 256 popes from 1903 back...